UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

(Mark One)

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2019

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

COMMISSION FILE NUMBER 001-36379

ENERGOUS CORPORATION

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware

 

46-1318953

(State of incorporation)

 

(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

3590 North First Street, Suite 210, San Jose, CA  95134

(Address of principal executive office)        (Zip code)

(408) 963-0200

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class

 

Trading

Symbol(s)

 

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common Stock, $0.00001 par value

 

WATT

 

The Nasdaq Stock Market

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes      No 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).  Yes      No 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.  

 

Large accelerated filer

 

Accelerated filer

Non-accelerated filer

 

Smaller reporting company

Emerging growth company

 

 

 

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).     Yes           No 

As of November 7, 2019, there were 31,500,084 shares of our Common Stock, par value $0.00001 per share, outstanding.

 

 

 

 


ENERGOUS CORPORATION

FORM 10-Q

FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2019

INDEX

 

PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

3

 

 

 

Item 1.  Financial Statements

 

3

 

 

 

Item 2.  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

18

 

 

 

Item 3.  Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosure About Market Risk

 

22

 

 

 

Item 4.  Controls and Procedures

 

22

 

 

 

PART II – OTHER INFORMATION

 

23

 

 

 

Item 1.  Legal Proceedings

 

23

 

 

 

Item 1A.  Risk Factors

 

23

 

 

 

Item 2.  Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities; Use of Proceeds from Registered Securities

 

33

 

 

 

Item 3.  Defaults Upon Senior Securities

 

33

 

 

 

Item 4.  Mine Safety Disclosures

 

33

 

 

 

Item 5.  Other Information

 

33

 

 

 

Item 6.  Exhibits

 

33

 

 

 

 


PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.  Financial Statements

Energous Corporation

BALANCE SHEETS

 

 

 

As of

 

 

 

September 30, 2019

 

 

December 31, 2018

 

 

 

(unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

ASSETS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

22,800,024

 

 

$

20,106,485

 

Accounts receivable

 

 

85,500

 

 

 

44,550

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

596,543

 

 

 

637,708

 

Total current assets

 

 

23,482,067

 

 

 

20,788,743

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Property and equipment, net

 

 

750,685

 

 

 

1,219,016

 

Operating lease right-of-use assets

 

 

2,244,336

 

 

 

 

Other assets

 

 

2,410

 

 

 

2,410

 

Total assets

 

$

26,479,498

 

 

$

22,010,169

 

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

$

1,305,235

 

 

$

1,861,385

 

Accrued expenses

 

 

1,603,746

 

 

 

1,778,349

 

Operating lease liabilities, current portion

 

 

682,163

 

 

 

 

Total current liabilities

 

 

3,591,144

 

 

 

3,639,734

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating lease liabilities, long-term portion

 

 

1,610,319

 

 

 

 

Total liabilities

 

 

5,201,463

 

 

 

3,639,734

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commitments and contingencies

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders’ equity:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred Stock, $0.00001 par value, 10,000,000 shares authorized

   at September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018; no shares issued or

   outstanding

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common Stock, $0.00001 par value, 50,000,000 shares authorized

   at September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018; 30,844,921 and

   26,526,303 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2019

   and December 31, 2018, respectively.

 

 

309

 

 

 

265

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

 

275,026,988

 

 

 

243,111,741

 

Accumulated deficit

 

 

(253,749,262

)

 

 

(224,741,571

)

Total stockholders’ equity

 

 

21,278,035

 

 

 

18,370,435

 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

 

$

26,479,498

 

 

$

22,010,169

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed financial statements.

 

3


Energous Corporation

CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

For the Three Months Ended September 30,

 

 

For the Nine Months Ended September 30,

 

 

 

 

2019

 

 

2018

 

 

2019

 

 

2018

 

 

Revenue

 

$

40,500

 

 

$

228,000

 

 

$

154,500

 

 

$

458,773

 

 

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development

 

 

5,190,056

 

 

 

8,442,698

 

 

 

17,505,751

 

 

 

24,804,224

 

 

Sales and marketing

 

 

1,242,105

 

 

 

1,546,227

 

 

 

3,985,467

 

 

 

4,620,760

 

 

General and administrative

 

 

1,910,408

 

 

 

2,891,036

 

 

 

8,007,548

 

 

 

9,439,279

 

 

Total operating expenses

 

 

8,342,569

 

 

 

12,879,961

 

 

 

29,498,766

 

 

 

38,864,263

 

 

Loss from operations

 

 

(8,302,069

)

 

 

(12,651,961

)

 

 

(29,344,266

)

 

 

(38,405,490

)

 

Other income:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest income

 

 

117,842

 

 

 

6,670

 

 

 

336,575

 

 

 

18,371

 

 

Total other income

 

 

117,842

 

 

 

6,670

 

 

 

336,575

 

 

 

18,371

 

 

Net loss

 

$

(8,184,227

)

 

$

(12,645,291

)

 

$

(29,007,691

)

 

$

(38,387,119

)

 

Basic and diluted loss per common share

 

$

(0.27

)

 

$

(0.49

)

 

$

(0.98

)

 

$

(1.50

)

 

Weighted average shares outstanding, basic and diluted

 

 

30,736,736

 

 

 

25,742,171

 

 

 

29,717,361

 

 

 

25,519,868

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed financial statements.

 

4


Energous Corporation

CONDENSED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

 

 

 

Common Stock

 

 

Additional

Paid-in

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

Total

Stockholders'

 

 

 

Shares

 

 

Amount

 

 

Capital

 

 

Deficit

 

 

Equity

 

Balance at January 1, 2019

 

 

26,526,303

 

 

$

265

 

 

$

243,111,741

 

 

$

(224,741,571

)

 

$

18,370,435

 

Stock-based compensation - restricted

   stock units ("RSUs")

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,083,567

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,083,567

 

Stock-based compensation - employee

   stock purchase plan ("ESPP")

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

87,825

 

 

 

 

 

 

87,825

 

Issuance of shares for RSUs

 

 

434,522

 

 

 

4

 

 

 

(4

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shares withheld for payroll tax on RSUs

 

 

(1,329

)

 

 

 

 

 

(10,207

)

 

 

 

 

 

(10,207

)

Shares withheld for payroll tax on performance

   share units ("PSUs")

 

 

(44,481

)

 

 

 

 

 

(329,159

)

 

 

 

 

 

(329,159

)

Exercise of stock options

 

 

80,201

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

400,102

 

 

 

 

 

 

400,103

 

Proceeds from contributions to the ESPP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

173,167

 

 

 

 

 

 

173,167

 

Issuance of shares and warrant in a private

   placement, net of $1,680,844 in issuance costs

 

 

3,333,333

 

 

 

33

 

 

 

23,319,123

 

 

 

 

 

 

23,319,156

 

Net loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(11,019,468

)

 

 

(11,019,468

)

Balance, March 31, 2019 (unaudited)

 

 

30,328,549

 

 

$

303

 

 

$

269,836,155

 

 

$

(235,761,039

)

 

$

34,075,419

 

Stock-based compensation - restricted

   stock units ("RSUs")

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,675,184

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,675,184

 

Stock-based compensation - employee

   stock purchase plan ("ESPP")

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

122,749

 

 

 

 

 

 

122,749

 

Issuance of shares for RSUs

 

 

189,220

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

(2

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from contributions to the ESPP

 

 

85,765

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

145,421

 

 

 

 

 

 

145,422

 

Net loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(9,803,996

)

 

 

(9,803,996

)

Balance, June 30, 2019 (unaudited)

 

 

30,603,534

 

 

$

306

 

 

$

272,779,507

 

 

$

(245,565,035

)

 

$

27,214,778

 

Stock-based compensation - restricted

   stock units ("RSUs")

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,037,620

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,037,620

 

Stock-based compensation - employee

   stock purchase plan ("ESPP")

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

62,055

 

 

 

 

 

 

62,055

 

Issuance of shares for RSUs

 

 

280,053

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

(3

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shares returned

 

 

(38,666

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from contributions to the ESPP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

147,809

 

 

 

 

 

 

147,809

 

Net loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(8,184,227

)

 

 

(8,184,227

)

Balance, September 30, 2019 (unaudited)

 

 

30,844,921

 

 

$

309

 

 

$

275,026,988

 

 

$

(253,749,262

)

 

$

21,278,035

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed financial statements.

5


Energous Corporation

CONDENSED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY (CONTINUED)

 

 

 

Common Stock

 

 

Additional

Paid-in

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

Total

Stockholders'

 

 

 

Shares

 

 

Amount

 

 

Capital

 

 

Deficit

 

 

Equity

 

Balance at January 1, 2018

 

 

22,584,588

 

 

$

225

 

 

$

185,659,954

 

 

$

(173,901,449

)

 

$

11,758,730

 

Stock-based compensation - restricted

   stock units ("RSUs")

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4,251,961

 

 

 

 

 

 

4,251,961

 

Stock-based compensation - employee

   stock purchase plan ("ESPP")

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

154,545

 

 

 

 

 

 

154,545

 

Stock-based compensation - performance

   share units ("PSUs")

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

202,702

 

 

 

 

 

 

202,702

 

Issuance of shares for RSUs

 

 

341,936

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

(3

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Issuance of shares for PSUs

 

 

80,098

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

(1

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exercise of stock options

 

 

179,732

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

981,051

 

 

 

 

 

 

981,053

 

Cashless exercise of warrants

 

 

7,989

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from contributions to the ESPP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

200,935

 

 

 

 

 

 

200,935

 

Issuance of shares in an at-the-market ("ATM")

   offering, net of $1,153,715 in issuance costs

 

 

2,221,455

 

 

 

22

 

 

 

38,846,793

 

 

 

 

 

 

38,846,815

 

Net loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(13,443,457

)

 

 

(13,443,457

)

Balance, March 31, 2018 (unaudited)

 

 

25,415,798

 

 

$

253

 

 

$

230,297,937

 

 

$

(187,344,906

)

 

$

42,953,284

 

Stock-based compensation - restricted

   stock units ("RSUs")

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,884,725

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,884,725

 

Stock-based compensation - employee

   stock purchase plan ("ESPP")

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

253,201

 

 

 

 

 

 

253,201

 

Stock-based compensation - performance

   share units ("PSUs")

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

204,954

 

 

 

 

 

 

204,954

 

Issuance of shares for RSUs

 

 

104,112

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

(1

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exercise of stock options

 

 

872

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,171

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,171

 

Cashless exercise of warrants

 

 

11,370

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from contributions to the ESPP

 

 

29,458

 

 

 

 

 

 

169,879

 

 

 

 

 

 

169,879

 

Net loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(12,298,371

)

 

 

(12,298,371

)

Balance, June 30, 2018 (unaudited)

 

 

25,561,610

 

 

$

254

 

 

$

234,812,866

 

 

$

(199,643,277

)

 

$

35,169,843

 

Stock-based compensation - restricted

   stock units ("RSUs")

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,578,276

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,578,276

 

Stock-based compensation - employee

   stock purchase plan ("ESPP")

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

67,174

 

 

 

 

 

 

67,174

 

Stock-based compensation - performance

   share units ("PSUs")

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

207,206

 

 

 

 

 

 

207,206

 

Issuance of shares for RSUs

 

 

297,599

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

(3

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exercise of stock options

 

 

200,141

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

336,235

 

 

 

 

 

 

336,237

 

Proceeds from contributions to the ESPP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

179,583

 

 

 

 

 

 

179,583

 

Net loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(12,645,291

)

 

 

(12,645,291

)

Balance, September 30, 2018 (unaudited)

 

 

26,059,350

 

 

$

259

 

 

$

239,181,337

 

 

$

(212,288,568

)

 

$

26,893,028

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed financial statements.

6


Energous Corporation

CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

For the Nine Months Ended September 30,

 

 

 

2019

 

 

2018

 

Cash flows from operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$

(29,007,691

)

 

$

(38,387,119

)

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash used in operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

652,266

 

 

 

820,714

 

Stock based compensation

 

 

8,069,000

 

 

 

12,804,744

 

Changes in operating lease right-of-use assets

 

 

599,582

 

 

 

 

Amortization of prepaid rent from stock issuance to landlord

 

 

 

 

 

60,588

 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts receivable

 

 

(40,950

)

 

 

(208,773

)

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

(15,503

)

 

 

497,684

 

Other assets

 

 

 

 

 

(92,548

)

Accounts payable

 

 

(556,150

)

 

 

(204,722

)

Accrued expenses

 

 

(174,603

)

 

 

296,668

 

Deferred revenue

 

 

 

 

 

14,500

 

Operating lease liabilities

 

 

(494,768

)

 

 

 

Net cash used in operating activities

 

 

(20,968,817

)

 

 

(24,398,264

)

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchases of property and equipment

 

 

(183,935

)

 

 

(561,793

)

Net cash used in investing activities

 

 

(183,935

)

 

 

(561,793

)

Cash flows from financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     Net proceeds from the sales of common stock

 

 

23,319,156

 

 

 

38,846,815

 

Proceeds from the exercise of stock options

 

 

400,103

 

 

 

1,319,461

 

Proceeds from contributions to employee stock purchase plan

 

 

466,398

 

 

 

550,397

 

Shares repurchased for tax withholdings on vesting of RSUs

 

 

(10,207

)

 

 

 

Shares repurchased for tax withholdings on vesting of PSUs

 

 

(329,159

)

 

 

 

Net cash provided by financing activities

 

 

23,846,291

 

 

 

40,716,673

 

Net increase in cash and cash equivalents

 

 

2,693,539

 

 

 

15,756,616

 

Cash and cash equivalents - beginning

 

 

20,106,485

 

 

 

12,795,254

 

Cash and cash equivalents - ending

 

$

22,800,024

 

 

$

28,551,870

 

Supplemental disclosure of non-cash financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock issued for RSUs

 

$

9

 

 

$

7

 

Common stock issued for PSUs

 

$

 

 

$

1

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed financial statements.

7


Note 1 - Business Organization, Nature of Operations

Energous Corporation (the “Company”) was incorporated in Delaware on October 30, 2012. The Company has developed its WattUp® technology, consisting of proprietary semiconductor chipsets, software, hardware designs and antennas, that enables radio frequency (“RF”) based charging for electronic devices, providing wire-free contact and non-contact charging solutions, with the potential to enable charging with mobility. The Company believes its proprietary WattUp technology can be utilized in consumer electronics such as wearables, hearing aids, earbuds, Bluetooth headsets, Internet of Things (“IoT”) devices, smartphones, tablets, e-book readers, keyboards, mice, remote controls, rechargeable lights, cylindrical batteries, medical devices and other devices with charging requirements that would otherwise require battery replacement or wired power connection.

Note 2 – Liquidity and Management Plans

During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, the Company recorded revenue of $40,500 and $154,500, respectively, and during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, the Company recorded revenue of $228,000 and $458,773, respectively. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2019, the Company recorded net losses of $8,184,227 and $29,007,691, respectively, and during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, the Company recorded net losses of $12,645,291 and $38,387,119, respectively. Net cash used in operating activities was $20,968,817 and $24,398,264 for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively. The Company is currently meeting its liquidity requirements through the proceeds of securities offerings that raised net proceeds of $23,319,156 in March 2019 and $38,846,815 in January 2018, along with payments received under product development projects. Also, the Company expects to receive financing proceeds from an at-market issuance financing facility that was established in October 2019 (see Note 9 – Subsequent Events).

As of September 30, 2019, the Company had cash on hand of $22,800,024. The Company expects that cash on hand as of September 30, 2019, together with anticipated revenues and expected financing, will be sufficient to fund the Company’s operations into the fourth quarter of 2020.

Research and development of new technologies is by its nature unpredictable. Although the Company intends to continue its research and development activities, there can be no assurance that its available resources and business operations will generate revenues sufficient to sustain operations. Accordingly, the Company expects to pursue additional financing, which could include offerings of equity or debt securities, bank financings, commercial agreements with customers or strategic partners, and other alternatives, depending upon market conditions. There is no assurance that such financing would be available on terms that the Company would find acceptable, or at all.

The market for products using the Company’s technology is broad and evolving, but remains nascent and unproven, so the Company’s success is dependent upon many factors, including customer acceptance of our existing products, technical feasibility of future products, regulatory approvals, competition and global market fluctuations.

Note 3 – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Basis of Presentation

The accompanying financial statements are presented in U.S. dollars and have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“US GAAP”), and pursuant to the accounting and disclosure rules and regulations of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”).

These unaudited condensed interim financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and notes thereto for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018 included in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018, filed with the SEC on February 28, 2019.  The accounting policies used in preparing these unaudited condensed interim financial statements are consistent with those described in the Company’s December 31, 2018 audited financial statements.

 

 

8


Note 3 – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, continued

Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with US GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements as well as the reported expenses during the reporting periods.  

The Company’s significant estimates and assumptions include the valuation of stock-based compensation instruments, recognition of revenue, the useful lives of long-lived assets, and income tax expense. Some of these judgments can be subjective and complex, and, consequently, actual results may differ from these estimates. Although the Company believes that its estimates and assumptions are reasonable, they are based upon information available at the time the estimates and assumptions were made. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Cash and Cash Equivalents

The Company considers all short-term, highly liquid investments with an original maturity at the date of purchase of three months or less to be cash equivalents. The Company maintains cash balances that may be uninsured or in deposit accounts that exceed Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation limits. The Company maintains its cash deposits with major financial institutions.

Revenue Recognition

On January 1, 2018, the Company adopted Accounting Standards Update No. 2014-09, "Revenue from Contracts with Customers" (Topic 606), which is described below in Recent Accounting Pronouncements.

In accordance with Topic 606, the Company recognizes revenue using the following five-step approach:

 

 

1.

Identify the contract with a customer.

 

2.

Identify the performance obligations in the contract.

 

3.

Determine the transaction price of the contract.

 

4.

Allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract.

 

5.

Recognize revenue when the performance obligations are met or delivered.

The Company’s revenue currently consists of services revenue from product development projects and royalty revenue from Dialog.

The Company records revenue associated with product development projects that it enters into with certain customers. In general, these development projects are complex, and the Company does not have certainty about its ability to achieve the project milestones. The achievement of a milestone is dependent on the Company’s performance obligation and requires acceptance by the customer.  The Company recognizes revenue based on when the performance obligation is met. The payment associated with achieving the performance obligation is generally commensurate with the Company’s effort or the value of the deliverable and is nonrefundable. The Company records the expenses related to these projects in research and development expense, in the periods such expenses were incurred.

The Company records royalty revenue from its manufacturing partner, Dialog, based on shipments from Dialog to its customers.

 

Research and Development

Research and development expenses are charged to operations as incurred. For internally developed patents, all patent application costs are expensed as incurred as research and development expense. Patent application costs, which are generally legal costs, are expensed as research and development costs until such time as the future economic benefits of such patents become more certain. The Company incurred research and development costs of $5,190,056 and $8,442,698 for the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively, and the Company incurred research and development costs of $17,505,751 and $24,804,224 for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

9


Note 3 – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, continued

Stock-Based Compensation

The Company accounts for equity instruments issued to employees, board members and contractors in accordance with accounting guidance that requires awards to be recorded at their fair value on the date of grant and are amortized over the vesting period of the award. The Company recognizes compensation costs on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period of the award, which is typically the vesting term of the equity instrument issued.

Under the Energous Corporation Employee Stock Purchase Plan (“ESPP”), employees may purchase a limited number of shares of the Company’s common stock at a 15% discount from the lower of the closing market prices measured on the first and last days of each half-year period. The Company recognizes compensation expense for the fair value of the purchase options, as measured on the grant date.

 

 

Income Taxes

Tax benefits are recognized only for tax positions that are more likely than not to be sustained upon examination by tax authorities. The amount recognized is measured as the largest amount of benefit that is greater than 50 percent likely to be realized upon settlement. A liability for “unrecognized tax benefits” is recorded for any tax benefits claimed in the Company’s tax returns that do not meet these recognition and measurement standards. As of September 30, 2019, no liability for unrecognized tax benefits was required to be reported. The Company’s policy is to record interest and penalties on uncertain tax positions as a component of income tax expense. No interest or penalties were recorded during the three or nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018.

Net Loss Per Common Share

Basic net loss per share is computed by dividing net loss available to common stockholders by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share is computed using the weighted average number of common shares and, if dilutive, potential common shares outstanding during the period. Potential common shares consist of the incremental common shares issuable upon the exercise of stock options and warrants (using the treasury stock method), the vesting of restricted stock units (“RSUs”), performance stock units (“PSUs”) and the shares issuable from the enrollment of employees in the ESPP. The computation of diluted loss per share excludes potentially dilutive securities of 6,876,595 and 6,840,737 for the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively, and 6,876,595 and 6,840,737 for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively, because their inclusion would be anti-dilutive.

Potentially dilutive securities outlined in the table below have been excluded from the computation of diluted net loss per share because the effect of their inclusion would have been anti-dilutive.  

 

 

 

For the Three Months

Ended September 30,

 

 

For the Nine Months

Ended September 30,

 

 

 

 

2019

 

 

2018

 

 

2019

 

 

2018

 

 

Warrant issued to private investors

 

 

4,702,354

 

 

 

3,035,688

 

 

 

4,702,354

 

 

 

3,035,688

 

 

Options to purchase common stock

 

 

566,753

 

 

 

656,494

 

 

 

566,753

 

 

 

656,494

 

 

RSUs

 

 

1,607,488

 

 

 

2,276,996

 

 

 

1,607,488

 

 

 

2,276,996

 

 

PSUs

 

 

-

 

 

 

871,559

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

871,559

 

 

Total potentially dilutive securities

 

 

6,876,595

 

 

 

6,840,737

 

 

 

6,876,595

 

 

 

6,840,737

 

 

 

 

10


Note 3 – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, continued

 

Leases

 

As of January 1, 2019, the Company determines if an arrangement is a lease at the inception of the arrangement. The Company applies the short-term lease recognition exemption and recognizes lease payments in profit or loss at lease commencement for facility or equipment leases that have a lease term of 12 months or less and do not include a purchase option whose exercise is reasonably certain. Operating leases are included in operating lease right-of-use (ROU) assets and operating lease liabilities.

 

ROU assets represent the right to use an underlying asset for the lease term, and lease liabilities represent the obligation to make lease payments arising from the lease. Operating lease ROU assets and liabilities are measured and recorded at the later of the adoption date, January 1, 2019, or the service commencement date based on the present value of lease payments over the lease term. The Company uses the implicit interest rate when readily determinable; however, most leases do not establish an implicit rate, so the Company uses an estimate of the incremental borrowing rate based on the information available at the time of measurement. Lease expense for lease payments is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term. See Note 4 – Commitments and Contingencies, Operating Leases for further discussion of the Company’s operating leases.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

In July 2019, the FASB issued ASU No. 2019-07, “Codification Updates to SEC Sections.” ASU 2019-07 updates the SEC portion of the FASB’s codification literature to reflect the changes the SEC made to simplify disclosures. It is effective immediately. The Company adopted ASU 2019-07 and it adoption had no material impact on its financial statements.

 

Management’s Evaluation of Subsequent Events

The Company evaluates events that have occurred after the balance sheet date of September 30, 2019, through the date which the financial statements are issued. See Note 9 – Subsequent Events for the subsequent event disclosed this quarter.

Note 4 – Commitments and Contingencies

Operating Leases

On September 10, 2014, the Company entered into a lease agreement with Balzer Family Investments, L.P. (the “Landlord”) related to space located at Northpointe Business Center, 3590 North First Street, San Jose, California. The initial term of the lease was 60 months, with initial monthly base rent of $36,720 and the lease was subject to certain annual escalations as defined in the agreement. On March 13, 2019, the Company amended its lease agreement with the Landlord which combined both the first-floor space and the second-floor space for the final three months of the original lease term for the second floor, which expired on September 30, 2019. Effective July 1, 2019 through September 30, 2019, the new monthly rent payment was $48,372.

On February 26, 2015, the Company entered into a sub-lease agreement for space in its San Jose location on the first floor and was amended on August 25, 2015 to include additional space. The sub-lease agreement had a term which expired on June 30, 2019.

On July 1, 2019, the Company signed a new lease agreement for the lease of its office space at its corporate headquarters in San Jose, California for an additional three years. The lease agreement includes space on the first floor of the building that had been previously subleased. Upon expiration of the original lease on September 30, 2019, the new monthly lease payment starting October 1, 2019 is $52,970 and is subject to annual escalations up to a maximum monthly lease payment of $64,941.

On May 31, 2017, the Company renewed a lease agreement for the Company’s space in Costa Mesa, California. The agreement had a term that expired on September 30, 2019 with initial monthly rent of $9,040 and was subject to certain annual escalations as defined in the agreement.

 

On July 15, 2019, the Company signed a new lease agreement for the lease of office space in Costa Mesa, California for an additional two years. Upon expiration of the original lease on September 30, 2019, the new monthly lease payment starting October 1, 2019 will be $9,773 and is subject to an annual escalation up to a maximum monthly lease payment of $10,200.

11


Note 4 – Commitments and Contingencies, continued

Operating Leases, continued

In February 2016, the FASB issued its final standard on lease accounting, ASU No. 2016-02, “Leases (Topic 842),” which superseded Topic 840, “Leases,” which was further modified in ASU No. 2018-10, “Codification Improvements” to clarify the implementation guidance. The new accounting standard was effective for the Company beginning on January 1, 2019 and required the recognition on the balance sheet of right-of-use assets and lease liabilities. The Company elected the optional transition method and adopted the new guidance on January 1, 2019 on a modified retrospective basis with no restatement of prior period amounts. The Company’s adoption of the new standard resulted in the recognition of right-of-use assets of $414,426 and operating lease liabilities of $485,747, with no material cumulative effect adjustment to equity as of the date of adoption. The Company anticipates having future total lease payments of $2,429,376 during the period from the fourth quarter of 2019 to the third quarter of 2022. As of September 30, 2019, the company has total operating lease right-of-use assets of $2,244,336, current portion operating lease liabilities of $682,163 and long-term portion of operating lease liabilities of $1,610,319. The weighted average remaining lease term is 2.9 years as of September 30, 2019.

A reconciliation of undiscounted cash flows to lease liabilities recognized as of September 30, 2019 is as follows:

 

 

 

Amount

 

 

 

(unaudited)

 

2019 (three months)

 

 

189,729

 

2020

 

 

791,979

 

2021

 

 

863,199

 

2022

 

 

584,469

 

Total future lease payments

 

 

2,429,376

 

Present value discount (4% weighted average)

 

 

(136,894

)

Total operating lease liabilities

 

$

2,292,482

 

 

Hosted Design Solution Agreement

In June 2015, the Company entered into a three-year agreement to license electronic design automation software in a hosted environment. Pursuant to the agreement, under which services began in July 2015, the Company is required to remit quarterly payments in the amount of approximately $101,000 with the last payment due in March 2018. In December 2015, the agreement was amended to update and redefine the hosted hardware and software licensed by the Company and the quarterly payments increased to approximately $198,000. In July 2018, the Company renewed the three-year agreement, and the Company is required to remit quarterly payments in the amount of approximately $218,000, with the last payment due in March 2021.

 

Litigations, Claims, and Assessments

The Company is from time to time involved in various disputes, claims, liens and litigation matters arising in the normal course of business. While the outcome of these disputes, claims, liens and litigation matters cannot be predicted with certainty, after consulting with legal counsel, management does not believe that the outcome of these matters will have a material adverse effect on the Company's combined financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

MBO Bonus Plan

On March 15, 2018, the Company’s Board of Directors (“Board”), on the recommendation of the Board’s Compensation Committee (“Compensation Committee”), approved the Energous Corporation MBO Bonus Plan (“Bonus Plan”) for executive officers of the Company. To be eligible to receive a bonus under the Bonus Plan, an executive officer must be continuously employed throughout the applicable performance period, and in good standing, and achieve the performance objectives selected by the Compensation Committee.

Under the Bonus Plan, the Compensation Committee is responsible for selecting the amounts of potential bonuses for executive officers, the performance metrics used to determine whether any such bonuses will be paid and determining whether those performance metrics have been achieved.

During the three months ended September 30, 2019, the Company accrued $167,740 in expense under the Bonus Plan, which will be paid during the fourth quarter of 2019. During the three months ended September 30, 2018, the Company accrued $445,883 in expense, which was paid during the fourth quarter of 2018. During the nine months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, the Company incurred $691,928 and $1,205,997 in expense under the Bonus Plan.

12


Note 4 – Commitments and Contingencies, continued

Severance and Change in Control Agreement

On March 15, 2018, the Compensation Committee approved a form of Severance and Change in Control Agreement (“Severance Agreement”) that the Company may enter into with executive officers (“Executive”).

Under the Severance Agreement, if an Executive is terminated in a qualifying termination, the Company agrees to pay the Executive six to 12 months of that Executive’s monthly base salary and bonuses, in some circumstances. If the Executive elects continued coverage under the Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1985, as amended (“COBRA”) the Company agrees to pay the full amount of Executive’s premiums under the Company’s health, dental and vision plans, including coverage for the Executive’s eligible dependents, for the six to 12 month period following the Executive’s termination.

Employee Agreement – Stephen Rizzone

On April 3, 2015, the Company entered into an Amended and Restated Executive Employment Agreement with Stephen R. Rizzone, the Company’s President and Chief Executive Officer (“Employment Agreement”).

The Employment Agreement was effective as of January 1, 2015, had an initial term of four years and renews automatically each year after the initial term. The Employment Agreement provides for an annual base salary of $365,000, and Mr. Rizzone is eligible to receive quarterly cash bonuses from the Bonus Plan with a total target amount equal to 100% of his base salary based upon achievement of performance-based objectives established by the Board.

 

Mr. Rizzone is also eligible to receive all customary and usual benefits generally available to senior executives of the Company.

Strategic Alliance Agreement

In November 2016, the Company and Dialog Semiconductor plc (“Dialog”), a related party (see Note 7—Related Party Transactions), entered into a Strategic Alliance Agreement (“Alliance Agreement”) for the manufacture, distribution and commercialization of products incorporating the Company’s wire-free charging technology (“Licensed Products”). Pursuant to the terms of the Alliance Agreement, the Company agreed to engage Dialog as the exclusive supplier of the Licensed Products for specified fields of use, subject to certain exceptions (the “Company Exclusivity Requirement”). Dialog agreed to not distribute, sell or work with any third party to develop any competing products without the Company’s approval (the “Dialog Exclusivity Requirement”). In addition, both parties agreed on a revenue sharing arrangement and will collaborate on the commercialization of Licensed Products based on a mutually-agreed upon plan. Each party will retain all of its intellectual property.

The Alliance Agreement has an initial term of seven years and will automatically renew annually thereafter unless terminated by either party upon 180 days’ prior written notice. The Company may terminate the Alliance Agreement at any time after the third anniversary of the Agreement upon 180 days’ prior written notice to Dialog, or if Dialog breaches certain exclusivity obligations. Dialog may terminate the Alliance Agreement if sales of Licensed Products do not meet specified targets. The Company Exclusivity Requirement will terminate upon the earlier of January 1, 2021 or the occurrence of certain events relating to the Company’s pre-existing exclusivity obligations.

Note 5 – Stockholders’ Equity

Authorized Capital

The holders of the Company’s common stock are entitled to one vote per share. Holders of common stock are entitled to receive ratably such dividends, if any, as may be declared by the Board out of legally available funds. Upon the liquidation, dissolution or winding up of the Company, holders of common stock are entitled to share ratably in all assets of the Company that are legally available for distribution.

Public Offerings

Pursuant to a shelf registration statement on Form S-3 filed on April 24, 2015, in January 2018, the Company raised $38,846,815 (net of $1,153,715 in underwriter’s discount and issuance costs) from the sale of stock in an “at-the-market” offering of its common stock.

13


Note 5 – Stockholders’ Equity, continued

On August 9, 2018, the Company filed a shelf registration statement on Form S-3, which became effective on August 17, 2018. This shelf registration statement allows the Company to sell, from time to time, any combination of debt or equity securities described in the registration statement up to aggregate proceeds of $75,000,000. Pursuant to this registration statement, in March 2019 the Company raised $23,319,156 (net of $1,680,844 in issuance costs) from an offering of shares of its common stock and warrants to purchase 1,666,666 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $10.00 per share.

Common Stock Outstanding

In August 2019, an aggregate of 38,666 shares of common stock were returned to the Company and retired in connection with the rescission of restricted stock unit agreements.

Note 6 – Stock-Based Compensation

Equity Incentive Plans

2013 Equity Incentive Plan

Effective on May 16, 2018, the Company’s stockholders approved the amendment and restatement of the 2013 Equity Incentive Plan to increase the number of shares reserved for issuance through equity-based instruments thereunder by 1,600,000 shares, bringing to 6,085,967 the total number of shares approved for issuance under that plan. 

As of September 30, 2019, 1,697,263 shares of common stock remain available to be issued under the 2013 Equity Incentive Plan.

2014 Non-Employee Equity Compensation Plan

Effective on May 16, 2018, the Company’s stockholders approved the amendment and restatement of the 2014 Equity Incentive Plan to increase the number of shares reserved for issuance through equity-based instruments thereunder by 250,000 shares, bringing to 850,000 the total number of shares approved for issuance under that plan.

As of September 30, 2019, 214,057 shares of common stock remain available to be issued through equity-based instruments under the 2014 Non-Employee Equity Compensation Plan.

2015 Performance Share Unit Plan

Effective on May 16, 2018, the Company’s stockholders approved the amendment and restatement of the 2015 Performance Share Unit Plan to increase the number of shares reserved for issuance through equity-based instruments thereunder by 1,400,000 shares, bringing to 2,710,104 the total number of shares approved for issuance under that plan.

 

As of September 30, 2019, 1,431,951 shares of common stock remain available to be issued through equity-based instruments under the 2015 Performance Share Unit Plan.

 

2017 Equity Inducement Plan

 

On December 28, 2017, the Board approved the 2017 Equity Inducement Plan. Under the plan, the Board reserved 600,000 shares of common stock for the grant of RSUs. These grants will be administered by the Board or a committee of the Board. These awards will be granted to individuals who (a) are being hired as an employee by the Company or any subsidiary and such award is a material inducement to such person being hired; (b) are being rehired as an employee following a bona fide period of interruption of employment with the Company or any subsidiary; or (c) will become an employee of the Company or any subsidiary in connection with a merger or acquisition.

 

As of September 30, 2019, 303,469 shares of common stock remain available to be issued through equity-based instruments under the 2017 Equity Inducement Plan.

14


Note 6 – Stock-Based Compensation, continued

Equity Incentive Plans, continued

Employee Stock Purchase Plan

In April 2015, the Company’s Board approved the ESPP, under which 600,000 shares of common stock were reserved for purchase by the Company’s employees, and on May 21, 2015, the Company’s stockholders approved the ESPP. Under the ESPP, employees may designate an amount not less than 1% but not more than 10% of their annual compensation for the purchase of Company shares. No more than 7,500 shares may be purchased by an employee under the ESPP during an offering period. An offering period shall be six months in duration commencing on or about January 1 and July 1 of each year. The exercise price of the purchase option will be the lesser of 85% of the fair market of the common stock on the first business day of the offering period and 85% of the fair market value of the common stock on the applicable exercise date.

As of September 30, 2019, 257,988 shares of common stock remain available to be issued under the ESPP. As of September 30, 2019, employees have contributed $147,809 through payroll withholdings to the ESPP for the current offering period. Shares will be deemed delivered on December 31, 2019 for the current offering period.

Stock Option Activity

The following is a summary of the Company’s stock option activity during the nine months ended September 30, 2019:

 

 

 

Number of

Options

 

 

Weighted

Average

Exercise

Price

 

 

Weighted

Average

Remaining

Life In

Years

 

 

Intrinsic

Value

 

Outstanding at January 1, 2019

 

 

656,494

 

 

$

5.57

 

 

 

4.6

 

 

$

252,887

 

Granted

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exercised

 

 

(80,201

)

 

 

4.99

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Forfeited

 

 

(9,540

)

 

 

4.23

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Outstanding at September 30, 2019

 

 

566,753

 

 

$

5.67

 

 

 

4.5

 

 

$

46,320

 

Exercisable at January 1, 2019

 

 

656,494

 

 

$

5.57

 

 

 

4.6

 

 

$

252,887

 

Vested

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exercised

 

 

(80,201

)

 

 

4.99

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Forfeited

 

 

(9,540

)

 

 

4.23

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exercisable at September 30, 2019

 

 

566,753

 

 

$

5.67

 

 

 

4.5